Monthly Archives: August 2016


NotePad++: Replace all content after delimiter on each line

We have a configuration file for Skype, that on each line it describes the translation for each element of Skype.

The format on each line is as VARIABLE=VALUE.

We decided to remove all values automatically, to do that we used NotePad++.

Skype - Language File - Dialog

We pressed Ctrl+H to open up the Replace dialog. In the ‘Find what’ field we wrote =[^\n]*$ and in the ‘Replace with’ we wrote =. In the ‘Search Mode’ option we selected ‘Regular expression’.

The tool looked as follows:
Skype - Language File - Before

Hitting the ‘Replace All’ button, removed all values from each line as it can be viewed below:
Skype - Language File - After
=[^\n]*$ instructs NotePad++ to match everything including the = symbol until the end of the line. [^\n]* means to match everything except the new line character. $ matches the end of the line.

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Bash: Check if file is found and contains data

The following code will check if the file described by variable FILENAME exists and has data.

if [ ! -f "$FILENAME" ]; then

    echo "Error: '$FILENAME' file not found.";
else

    if [ ! -s "$FILENAME" ]; then

        echo "Error: '$FILENAME' file is empty.";
    else

        echo "Info: '$FILENAME' file found and contains data.";
    fi
fi

Convert a list of integers from MySQL to a Bash array

The following code will connect to a MySQL server, it will get a list of integers and convert the results to a bash array that will be iterated using a for loop and they will be printed using zero padding.

IDS_RAW=$(mysql --user="myuser" --password="mypass" --host="db.example.com" --database="mydb" --batch --compress --skip-column-names --execute="
  SELECT
    Id
  FROM
    Users
  WHERE
    Status = 0;
");

OLDIFS=$IFS;
IFS=$'\n' command eval;
'IDS=($IDS_RAW)';
IFS=$OLDIFS;

echo "Will process the following user IDs '${IDS[@]}'";

for ID in "${IDS[@]}"; do
  LEADING_ZERO=$(printf %08d $ID);
  echo "ID $LEADING_ZERO";
done;

Bash: Get date N days ago in the format YYYY_MM_DD

DEFAULT_DAYS_BACK="0";
DAYS_BACK=${1:-$DEFAULT_DAYS_BACK};
PROCESSING_DATE=`date --date="$DAYS_BACK day ago" +%Y_%m_%d`;

The above code will populate variable PROCESSING_DATE with the date of the day the was DAYS_BACK ago using the format YYYY_MM_DD.

The value for DAYS_BACK is filled by the first argument of the script/function $1. In case the user did not provide an argument, we have the variable DEFAULT_DAYS_BACK that will be used as the default value.


Bash get script file name and location

The following code will populate the variables SCRIPT_NAME and SCRIPT_DIR with the name of the script currently being execute and the location this script is in:

SCRIPT_NAME=$(basename $(test -L "$0" && readlink "$0" || echo "$0"));
SCRIPT_DIR=$(cd $(dirname "$0") && pwd);

Notes for SCRIPT_NAME:

  • $0 expands to the name of the shell or shell script
  • test -L "$0" checks that input is a file that exists and is a symbolic link
  • && readlink "$0" will be executed if the above statement is true and it will print the resolved symbolic link
  • || echo "$0" will be executed if the test for symbolic link fails
  • finally, basename will strip directory and suffix from whatever is returned from the above statements

Notes for SCRIPT_DIR:

  • Will not resolve the correct folder if the last component of the path is a symbolic link (symlink). It will return the location of the symlink instead of the location of the file the symlink is pointing to
  • cd will return 0 if it successfully navigates to a directory or 1 when it fails to navigate to the directory
  • cd "$( dirname "$0" )" will use dirname to strip the last component from the expanded name and try to navigate to that location
  • if the above cd fails, we get the current location using && pwd. pwd will print name of current/working directory

In case you have a problem with $0, it is overwritten or the above function is called by a child script in another folder you can replace $0 with ${BASH_SOURCE[0]}.

SCRIPT_NAME=$(basename $(test -L "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" && readlink "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" || echo "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}"));
SCRIPT_DIR=$(cd $(dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}") && pwd);