Redirecting standard error (stderr)

The following command will redirect stderr to a different file than the one stdout is redirected to:

command >log.txt 2>errors.txt;

In case you want to redirect stderr to stdout (&1), and then redirect stdout to a file you can use the following setup:

command >mixed-log.txt 2>&1;

The following command will have the same effect as the previous one, the difference between them is the way they are implemented. This time we will redirect both the stdout and stderr to a file:

command &> mixed-log.txt;

Create an HTML page with no JavaScript that will redirect the user after a few seconds 1

The following sample page will redirect the user to after 5 seconds. This page does not require JavaScript to be enabled on the user’s browser.

To modify the delay time and the redirect path, you need to edit the following line in the head of the page <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5;URL=">. In this example we set the delay to 5 seconds and the redirect url to be

You can download a working example of this code here ([download id=”1779″]). If you rename the file to index.html and place it in a folder, it will be the first file that your webserver will read and the redirect will be applied.

<!doctype html>

<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title> Redirect Page</title>
    <meta name="description" content="A page that will redirect the user to after 5 seconds">
    <meta name="author" content="">
    <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5;URL=">

  <body bgcolor="#ffffff">
    <center>You will be automatically redirected to <a href=""></a> as this resource is not available.</center>