Daily Archives: 13 April 2023

Compressing mysqldump with pipe: MySQL

When working with MySQL databases, it’s common to create backups of the database using the mysqldump utility. However, these backups can often take up a significant amount of disk space, especially for large databases. One way to reduce the size of these backups is to compress them using a compression algorithm. In this post, we will explore how to compress a mysqldump using a pipe.

First, let’s review the basic syntax for creating a mysqldump:

mysqldump -u [username] -p [database_name] > [backup_file].sql

This command will create a plain-text backup file of the specified database, which can then be restored using the mysql command. However, this backup file can be quite large, especially for large databases.

To compress the backup file, we can use a pipe to redirect the output of the mysqldump command to a compression utility. One common compression utility is gzip, which uses the gzip algorithm to compress files. Here’s how we can use gzip to compress the mysqldump:

mysqldump -u [username] -p [database_name] | gzip > [backup_file].sql.gz

In this command, we use the | symbol to pipe the output of the mysqldump command to the gzip command. The > symbol is then used to redirect the compressed output to a file with a .sql.gz extension.

The resulting backup file will be compressed using the gzip algorithm, which typically results in significant reduction in file size. To restore the backup, we can use the following command:

gunzip < [backup_file].sql.gz | mysql -u [username] -p [database_name]

In this command, we use the gunzip command to decompress the compressed backup file, which is then piped to the mysql command to restore the database.

In conclusion, compressing a mysqldump using a pipe is a simple and effective way to reduce the size of backup files. By using a compression utility such as gzip, we can significantly reduce the amount of disk space required to store backups, while still being able to restore the database using standard MySQL commands.