asn1c: What is the ‘write_stream’ parameter in the example code 1

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The asn1c usage manual (PDF), mentions an element called write_stream but it does not define what it is.

What write_stream is can be found in converter-sample.c  and in the manual under the name write_out:

/* Dump the buffer out to the specified FILE */
static int write_out(const void *buffer, size_t size, void *key) {
  FILE *fp = (FILE *)key;
  return (fwrite(buffer, 1, size, fp) == size) ? 0 : -1;

write_out is function that has the following signature write_out(const void *buffer, size_t size, void *app_key) and is used as a callback by der_encode() and other functions.

This callback receives as input the pointer to an element (const void *buffer), the size of that element (size_t size) and some context (void *app_key).
In this example, we can see that the user is using der_encode() which accepts a FILE * as the last parameter, which later is passed to write_out() as the context.


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