An Introduction to Elm Series: Solution to ‘Time’ example


In http://guide.elm-lang.org/architecture/effects/time.html, we are given an application that resembles a clock and we are asked to add a button to pause it and add additional hands.

What we did in the following code is:

  • We created a normal clock that shows the time in UTC
  • A toggle button that pauses/resumes it was added
  • We added the second, minute and hour hands. Which we gave them different lengths and colors
  • We created utilities to convert time to angle in degrees both for minutes/seconds and for hours
  • A new function that adds the leading zero to values when we print the time in digital format was created
import Html exposing (Html, br, div, button)
import Html.Events exposing (onClick)
import Html.App as Html
import Svg exposing (..)
import Svg.Attributes exposing (..)
import Time exposing (Time, second)



main =
  Html.program
    { init = init
    , view = view
    , update = update
    , subscriptions = subscriptions
    }



-- MODEL


type alias Model =
  { time : Time
  , state : Bool
  }


init : (Model, Cmd Msg)
init =
  (Model 0 True, Cmd.none)



-- UPDATE


type Msg
  = Tick Time
  | Toggle


update : Msg -> Model -> (Model, Cmd Msg)
update msg model =
  case msg of
    Tick newTime ->
      ({ model | time = newTime }, Cmd.none)

    Toggle ->
      (toggleState model, Cmd.none)


-- UTILITIES
toggleState : Model -> Model
toggleState model =
  {model | state = not(model.state)}

printWithLeadingZero : Int -> String
printWithLeadingZero number =
  if number < 10 then
    "0" ++ (toString number)
  else
    toString number

degressCorrection : Float
degressCorrection =
  90.0 -- The correction we must do on our analog clock to show 12 pointing up instead to the right

degressForHour : Float
degressForHour =
  360.0 / 12.0 -- We divide the total degrees of a full circle by the full hours of the day to get the degrees per hour

degreesForMinute : Float
degreesForMinute =
  360.0 / 60.0 -- We divide the total degrees of a full circle by the full minutes of the hour to get the degrees per minute

convertToDegrees : Int -> Float -> Float
convertToDegrees value degreesPerPoint =
  degrees (((toFloat value) * degreesPerPoint) - degressCorrection)

minutesToDegrees : Int -> Float
minutesToDegrees minutes =
  convertToDegrees minutes degreesForMinute

hoursToDegrees : Int -> Float
hoursToDegrees hours =
  convertToDegrees hours degressForHour

-- SUBSCRIPTIONS


subscriptions : Model -> Sub Msg
subscriptions model =
  case model.state of
    True ->
      Time.every second Tick
    False ->
      Sub.none



-- VIEW


view : Model -> Html Msg
view model =
  let


    second' =
        Time.inSeconds model.time

    secondOfMinute =
        truncate second' `rem` 60

    secondAngle =
      minutesToDegrees secondOfMinute

    secondHandX =
      toString (50 + 40 * cos secondAngle)

    secondHandY =
      toString (50 + 40 * sin secondAngle)

    minute' =
      Time.inMinutes model.time

    minuteOfHour =
      truncate minute' `rem` 60

    minuteAngle =
      minutesToDegrees minuteOfHour

    minuteHandX =
      toString (50 + 35 * cos minuteAngle)

    minuteHandY =
      toString (50 +35 * sin minuteAngle)

    hour' =
      Time.inHours model.time

    hourOfDay =
      truncate hour' `rem` 24

    hourAngle =
      hoursToDegrees hourOfDay

    hourHandX =
      toString (50 + 30 * cos hourAngle)

    hourHandY =
      toString (50 + 30 * sin hourAngle)

    currentTime =
      (printWithLeadingZero hourOfDay) ++ ":" ++ (printWithLeadingZero minuteOfHour) ++ ":" ++ (printWithLeadingZero secondOfMinute)

  in
    div []
      [ div [] 
      , svg [ viewBox "0 0 100 100", width "300px" ]
        [ circle [ cx "50", cy "50", r "45", fill "#0B79CE" ] []
        , line [ x1 "50", y1 "50", x2 secondHandX, y2 secondHandY, stroke "#ee0000" ] []
        , line [ x1 "50", y1 "50", x2 minuteHandX, y2 minuteHandY, stroke "#0000ee" ] []
        , line [ x1 "50", y1 "50", x2 hourHandX, y2 hourHandY, stroke "#023963" ] []
        ]
      , br [] []
      , button [onClick Toggle] 
      ]

You can download the solution from here 6-clock (compressed) (139 downloads)

 

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